Los Parques Científicos y Tecnológicos son las zonas urbanizadas gestionadas por una entidad promotora, cuyas parcelas son ocupadas única y exclusivamente por entidades públicas o privadas cuyo objetivo básico es favorecer la generación de conocimiento científico y tecnológico y la promoción de la transferencia de tecnología. Un Parque puede estar constituido en uno o varios enclaves.
Within the State Plan for Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation aid from the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness are articulated through the State Infrastructure Sub Scientific, Technical and equipment (EQUIP), in the framework of the State Program of Development Research scientific and Technical Excellence.
Call EQUIPA the aim to promote technical quality scientific research that enhances the development of highly competitive business R & D and contribute to regional development, promote the acquisition, renovation and maintenance of scientific-technological equipment for carrying out activities R & D, by companies, private technology centers and private centers for innovation support
Aid for scientific and technological parks activities for conducting R & D have been regulated since 2000 through various calls for aid , regulated by successive ministerial orders issued under the National R + D + i( 2000-2003 , 2004-2007 and 2008-2011). The difficult economic situation in our country has particularly affected the science and technology parks , which have been seriously diminished their ability to generate income. The Central Government , in its creditor position must ensure the recovery of public funds , determined to agree a moratorium on the repayment due in 2014 , 2015 and 2016, the loans granted to the parks science and technology as the most effective for the repayment of borrowed public funds as well as to promote the economic viability of these entities and maintain an activity that has proven relevant for R + D + i in Spain . The thirty- fifth additional provision of Law 22/2013 of 23 December on the State Budget for 2014, instructed the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness establishing the procedure and safeguards necessary conditions for the moratorium on payment of repayment installments , as a measure of financial support to activities in science and technology parks.