Royal Decree 404/2020 of 25 February establishes that the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities is responsible for the Administration's relationship with the royal academies, the national academies and the Institute of Spain (IdeE).

The royal academies are hundred-year-old institutions that are the highest-level exponents of knowledge and especially participate in promoting scientific culture and dissemination. They are of unquestionable public interest, in addition to the achievement of various objectives that are specific to the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities: the development of culture, education, knowledge and research. Due to the diverse nature of this group of entities, a wide range of subjects are covered in a cross-cutting manner.

In accordance with the provisions of Royal Decree 1160/2010 of 17 September, regulating the Institute of Spain, the following are part of it, various Royal Academies, including: Royal Academy of History; San Fernando Royal Academy of Fine Arts; Royal Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences; Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences; Royal National Spanish Academy of Medicine; Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Spanish Legislation; Royal National Academy of Pharmacology; Royal Academy of Engineering, and Royal Academy of Economic and Financial Sciences. As they form part of the Institute of Spain, there is no doubt as to the direct relationship of dependence that arises between them and the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities.

Institute of Spain

The Institute of Spain (IdeE) was established as a national body that is the highest-level exponent of Spanish culture in the academic sphere, with its purpose being to maintain and strengthen the spiritual fraternity of the ten national royal academies, helping and complementing them for increased efficiency in their work and activities, to form the highest-level national academic representation in Spain and abroad.

Royal Spanish Academy

The Royal Spanish Academy, founded in 1713, is an institution that is dedicated to the knowledge of the Spanish language in all its areas and manifestations: its internal structure, uses and rules, as well as its evolution and diversity. Since it was founded, the RAE has been working for the proper use and unity of Spanish, the common heritage of 580 million people worldwide. Its authority has been granted to it by Spanish-speakers themselves, who are the real owners of the language, over the past 300 years. The extensive work of the RAE has always been based on the development of the three main codes that regulate the rule of a language: appropriate use of the lexicon, mastery of grammar rules and correct writing.

Royal Academy of History

An institution dedicated to the study and research of, fundamentally, the history of Spain, Latin America and the far Hispanic East, as well as the dissemination, promotion and cultural dissemination of such knowledge through a wide-ranging programme of publications, electronic projects, cataloguing and digitalisation, continuous development of studies and reports, and cycles of talks, exhibitions, tours and history workshops for teachers of different levels.

San Fernando Royal Academy of Fine Arts

It promotes artistic creation, as well as the study, dissemination and protection of the arts and cultural heritage. It has one of the most important museums in Spain and one of the three European chalcographies.

It is currently made up of fifty-six academics, all renowned in the fields of architecture, painting, sculpture, music, cinema, graphic art, photography, design and art theory and history.

Royal Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences

It promotes the study, research and social dissemination of Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Geology and Biology, as well as their applications, and promotes support for them. It has a library with a collection of more than 27,000 volumes.

In addition, it advises the Government on matters under its remit, especially concerning scientific policy that may have an impact on the country's scientific and technological development.

Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences

The Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences was founded in 1857 and is a forum for social, economic, philosophical, political and legal knowledge.

It is considered a space for debate, a knowledge diffuser centre and a research and review laboratory. All of this is based on the experience of its academics, figures of great importance in Spain's political, social and economic life of the last two centuries.

Royal National Spanish Academy of Medicine

It ensures progress, research, teaching and greater knowledge of Medicine, Health and Healthcare. It promotes scientific meetings and prepares publications related to medical science, in particular a free and open-access online dictionary of medical terms.

It is home to a medical library specialising in collections from the 18th and 19th centuries, a large image bank and a museum of medicine with temporary exhibitions.

Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Spanish Legislation

Its main objectives include research and cultivation of law and related sciences, and the contribution to the improvement of legislation.

It also has the following functions: the study and teaching of all kinds of legal matters, the organisation and attendance at conferences on legal issues, the analysis and doctrinal criticism of case law and collaboration with similar entities in Spain and abroad.

Royal National Academy of Pharmacology

It promotes research and investigation into Pharmaceutical Sciences and related areas. It also provides advice to public and private institutions on all matters relating to Pharmaceutical Sciences, medicines and the promotion of health.

Finally, the Royal National Academy of Pharmacology is responsible for drawing up reports and opinions on the areas under its remit.

Royal Academy of Engineering

It promotes the excellence, quality and competence of Spanish engineering in its various disciplines and fields of activity. It provides strategic advice on matters relating to engineering and closely related areas such as: digitalisation, industrialisation, climate change, the environment, energy, innovation, entrepreneurship, language as a vehicle for disseminating Spanish engineering and education.

Royal Academy of Economic and Financial Sciences

Scientific and technical body with the objective of the research, study and promotion of economic and financial sciences through the research work channelled by its 'Economic and Financial Research Observatory', the international collaboration carried out by its 'Barcelona Economics Network' and the dissemination of its publications through International Research Book Day.

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