Large international research infrastructures are essential tools for producing frontier science, driving technological developments, fostering innovation and training scientists and technologists.

Spain actively participates in the construction and operation of major European research infrastructures, either under the umbrella of an international organisation or the European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI), and this involves strategic investments that contribute to the implementation of national and European priorities in research and innovation and aim to address pressing and complex societal challenges.

It is particularly relevant to use the potential of research infrastructures as main promoters of open science, providing FAIR data (data that comply with the principles of ease of location, accessibility, interoperability and reusability) and quality data that contribute to the construction of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) by reinforcing its capabilities at the service of its users.

Major international research organisations

Spain has a long tradition of participating in international scientific facilities and organisations, which has been fundamental in favouring the internationalisation of Spanish research, promoting the mobility and training of our researchers and technologists in these organisations and facilitating coordination of the guidelines and activities of Spanish research programmes with those of other partners. In this context, States decide to share the costs of building and operating these major research infrastructures by making long-term commitments within the framework of international agreements.

Spain participates in numerous international research organisations, whose facilities are open to Spanish scientists and technologists.

European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI)

The European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) was created with the aim of developing a common approach to European policies on research infrastructures, which are considered a fundamental element in the construction of the European Research Area.

Using the ESFRI Roadmaps as a strategic instrument and thanks to the joint efforts of the EU countries and the EC, Europe has a wide range of research infrastructures covering all scientific domains, 21 of which Spain takes part in.


E-Science is understood as the set of scientific activities developed through the use of distributed resources that are accessible and shared on a network. Spain actively participates in the Pan-European Grid Infrastructure (EGI) and in the Spanish-Portuguese IBERGRID.

The e-science network was created in 2020 as an advisory body to the General Secretary of Research with the aim of promoting and coordinating activities related to e-science in Spain. 

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