National Open Science Strategy (ENCA) 2023-2027

Open science involves a development in how scientific knowledge is produced, funded, communicated and evaluated. This entails a significant paradigm shift in research, results dissemination and researcher performance measurement that affects both life sciences, physics, engineering and mathematics, as well as the social sciences and humanities. Open science contributes to increasing transparency, and promotes participation, cooperation, accountability, the ability to reuse research work and the impact and reproducibility of results. It also promotes the democratisation and sustainability of R&D&I systems and promotes the diversification of profiles in research groups and the incorporation of non-academic actors throughout the entire research process cycle, from project design to evaluation.

The National Open Science Strategy (ENCA) for 2023-2027 includes all the commitments relating to open science adopted by different public agents in the system, included in the reform of the Science, Technology and Innovation Act, approved in September 2022, Act 17/2022; the Spanish Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy 2021-2023: and the State Plan for Scientific and Technical Research and Innovation 2021-2022; in addition to reviewing the international and national context in terms of open science.

  • Ensure the existence of sufficiently robust and well-articulated interoperable digital infrastructures to absorb the impact of the implementation of a national open science policy and facilitate its integration into the international ecosystem, as well as its integration, where appropriate, into the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC).
  • Promote the proper management of research data generated by the national R&D&I system through FAIR principles (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) to increase its localization, accessibility, interoperability and reusability..
  • Implement open and free access by default to scientific publications and results funded directly or indirectly with public funds for the entire population.
  • Establish new research evaluation mechanisms and an incentives and recognition system aimed at promoting open science practices, as well as training all personnel (researchers, managers, funders, evaluators) to align their professional performance with the principles of open science.

The Strategy will be implemented through specific measures that guarantee the effective engagement, awareness-raising, training and capacity building of the personnel that will have to be the driving force behind this cultural change: researchers, support staff, management and citizens. These measures must be adequately coordinated between the funding, implementation and assessment agents of the research activity and supported by the current legal framework and the action of the Spanish Government as a whole.

The strategic lines of action on which the ENCA is structured are as follows:

  • Digital infrastructure for open science.
  • Management of research data following FAIR principles.
  • Open access to scientific publications.
  • Incentives, recognition and training.

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